Kitchens

 

There are many different layouts for kitchens, and these different layouts have slightly different requirements within the ADA standards. Remember to pay attention to the requirements for your specific type of kitchen.

Figure 1 – Taken from Fair Housing Act Guidelines

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Some requirements of a kitchen include:

  • A pass through kitchen must have 2 entry points, and the width of the kitchen from cabinet to cabinet must be 40 inches minimum.
  • For a U-shaped kitchen, the width between each side must be 60 inches minimum to allow for turning of a wheel chair.
  • Any work surface must be 34 inches or less from the floor.
  • The exception to this would be an adjustable counter, which can move from 29 inches to 36 inches.
  • Additionally, there must be no sharp or abrasive obstacles around the floor or under the cabinets.
  • All appliances must also have a clear floor space requirement of 30x48 inches (note that these can overlap).

Figure 2 – Taken from Fair Housing Act Guidelines

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Beyond these requirements, keep in mind that kitchen appliances must also adhere to ADA guidelines and must allow for the most ease of access. Additionally, all outlets and switches must be at the proper heights and all requirements for landings and entries must be observed. If a kitchen does not include a cooktop or conventional range, it does not need to comply with these guidelines (i.e. a small kitchenette with only a microwave).

Overall, it is important that all kitchens, regardless of shape and size keep in line with the space requirements. This illustrated in both figure 1 and figure 2, which show a couple of kitchen examples taken from the Fair Housing Act Guidelines. Finally, self-storing doors are recommended, but not required unless the kitchen is smaller than these guidelines. 

 

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